Recently, Abes Baumann argued a case before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court regarding credibility determinations for physicians who perform Impairment Rating Evaluations. In the case of Rhodes vs.WCAB, Tom Baumann argued that the Workers’ Compensation Judge was correct in refusing to convert the claimant’s disability benefits from total disability to partial disability. Under the Worker’s Compensation act, an employer or insurance company can require an injured worker to undergo an impairment rating evaluation after receiving 104 weeks of total disability benefits. If the examination is requested within 60 days of the receipt of 104 weeks of benefits, the claimant’s compensation automatically converts from total disability benefits to partial disability benefits if the impairment rating evaluation finds a whole body impairment of less than 50%. If the examination is not requested within that timeframe, the insurance carrier has to litigate the conversion from total disability to partial disability. This means that the physician who performs the rating exam is subject to cross-examination and can be disbelieved by the workers compensation judge.
In the Rhodes case, the Workers Compensation Judge did not believe the IRE physician. The judge refused to convert disability from total to partial, which would have limited how much longer the claimant could receive benefits. The carrier appealed to the Worker’s Compensation Appeal Board which upheld the Judge’s decision that the doctor was not credible. The carrier appealed to the Commonwealth Court which reversed the judge and the Board. The Commonwealth Court found that there was not sufficient evidence of record to allow the Workers Compensation Judge to disbelieve the IRE physician.
The Supreme Court accepted the appeal. There, the claimant argued that the burden of proof and burden of persuasion was held by the insurance company. He argued that the Workers Compensation Judge properly exercised her discretion in finding that she was not persuaded by the IRE physician. Both sides have filed briefs, and a decision will be rendered by the Court sometime later this year.